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2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題一第二講 介詞和代詞
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2020江蘇高考英語二輪講義:專題一第二講 介詞和代詞

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第二講 介詞和代詞[學生用書P6]

    對介詞的考查主要集中在介詞的基本用法上最常見的是介詞短語的考查及介詞的固定搭配。代詞是用來代替名詞或名詞短語的詞類在單項填空中近幾年未考查但對其分類及用法應了解并能有所掌握。

[學生用書P6]

 介詞的用法

1(2018·北京卷)—Good morning, Mr. Lees office.

Good morning. Id like to make an appointment ________next Wednesday afternoon.

Afor  Bon

Cin  Dat

A 解析:考查介詞。——早上好李先生的辦公室。——早上好。我想預約下星期三下午。根據語境可知此處用介詞for表示安排或預約于(某時間)

2(重慶卷)Last year was the warmest year on recordwith global temperature 0.68 ________ the average.

Abelow  Bon

Cat  Dabove

D 解析:考查固定搭配與介詞用法辨析。句意:去年是有史以來最暖和的一年全球溫度比平均值高出0.68攝氏度。根據逗號前面的the warmest year可知去年的溫度應該是在平均值之上的因此選擇Dabove the average在平均值之上;below the average在平均值之下;on the average平均而言一般說來;沒有at the average這樣的搭配。

常考介詞歸納

1at, in, on表示時間

(1)at表示某一時刻

at 800(8)at noon(在中午), at night(在夜里), at midnight(在半夜), at dawn/daybreak(在黎明破曉), at sunrise/sunset(在日出/日落), at dusk(在黃昏)

(2)in指上午、下午及晚上或月、年等較長的時間

in the 1980’s/1980s, in the Qing Dynasty, in October, in the morning/afternoon/evening

(3)on用于表示具體的日子或一個特定的時間(如:某日、某節日、星期幾等)

on October 1st, on a rainy day, on National Dayon the morning of July 3rd

2by, before, after, until/till, during, within表示時間

(1)by……(為止)

(2)before……以前

(3)after……以后

(4)until/till直到……為止

(5)during……期間

(6)within……之內

He often falls asleep during the class, which makes his teacher very angry.

他常常上課睡覺這使他的老師很生氣。

3between, among表示……之間

between……之間(兩者之間)常和and連用;among表示……之間(三者或三者以上)

Keep the close relationship between teachers and students.

保持親密的師生關系。

4by, in, on, with表示使用……工具、手段、方式等

(1)表示乘、坐(交通工具)通過……方式by交通工具前不用限定詞inon交通工具前用限定詞by bike, by taxi, by plane, by ship, in a car, in a bus, on ones bike, on foot

(2)in講時后常接表示語言、材料等的詞。

Her parents always talk to her in German.

她的父母總是用德語和她交談。

(3)with表示使用某種具體的工具、手段等。

We see with our eyes, hear with our ears, and walk with our legs. 我們用眼睛看用耳朵聽用腿走路。

5with的常見用法

(表示關系)……一起;(表示狀態)具有帶有;(表示方式)……憑借……(表示原因)由于因為。

Would you like to go to the theatre with us?

你愿意和我們一起去看戲嗎?

The small child trembled with fear. 那個小孩嚇得打哆嗦。

6for的用法

(表示對象、用途等)為了;給對;(表示去向)因為由于;向往;就……而言

The biggest concern for most of us is the quality of public education. 

我們大多數人最關心的是大眾教育的質量問題。

7beyond的用法

(表示位置)……另一邊……更遠處;(表示程度)超出……所能及。

Everybody was touched beyond words after they heard her moving story.

聽了她感人的故事大家都被感動得無以言表。

1(陜西卷)The little pupil took his grandma ________ the arm and walked her across the street.

Aon      Bby      

Cin      Dat

B 解析:考查固定搭配。句意:那個小學生攙著他奶奶的胳膊送她過了街道。take sb.bythe+身體部位為固定搭配意為抓住/觸及某人的……故選B項。

2(福建卷)A common memory they all have ________ their school days is the school uniform.

Aof  Bon

Cto  Dwith

A 解析:考查固定搭配中的介詞辨析。句意:他們都擁有的有關學校時光的共同記憶是校服。……的記憶應用have a memory of表達。故答案為A項。

 介詞短語和介詞的固定搭配

1(2019·江蘇卷)Favorable policies are ________ to encourage employees professional development.

Ain effect  Bin command

Cin turn  Din shape

A 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:有利的政策正在有效地鼓勵員工的職業發展。in effect有效

2(2019·天津卷)________ all the problems, several of the players produced excellent performances.

AAccording to  BInstead of

CIn addition to  DIn spite of

D 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:盡管存在各種問題但是其中的一些選手還是表現出色。A項意為根據B項意為代替C項意為……以外D項意為盡管。結合句意可知應選D

 通關點擊 ____________________________________________原則這樣解讀

1at+名詞

at sea茫然在大海上;at will任意地;at work在上班;at lunch在吃午飯;at table在吃飯;at peace處于和平狀態

2by+名詞

by accident偶然地;by chance碰巧;by mistake錯誤地;by the way順便說

3beyond+名詞

beyond description難以形容;beyond words無法用語言形容;beyond doubt無疑;beyond one’s reach夠不著

4in+名詞

in advance在前頭事先預先;in case如果萬一;in charge主管看管;in common共有共同;in demand很需要;in order按順序井然有序情況良好;in progress行中;in return作為回報;in turn依次轉而;in vain徒勞;in shape健康狀況良好

5on+名詞

on purpose故意地;on leave在休假;on holiday在度假;on sale出售;on time準時;on the air正在廣播

6under+名詞

under construction在建設中;under consideration在考慮中;under repair在修理中

7out of+名詞

out of breath上氣不接下氣;out of balance失去平衡;out of date過時;out of patience不耐煩;out of control失去控制;out of touch失去聯系

8in+名詞+of

in case of如果;in fear of擔心害怕;in honour of為紀念…………表示敬意;in memory of為紀念……in place of代替;in search of尋找尋求;in sight of在看得見……的地方;in support of支持支援;in face of面對;in exchange of ……交換;in terms of……而言依據;in view of鑒于根據

9其他常考介詞短語

for the sake of為了;on behalf of 代表;apart from除了;in addition to除了;on the basis of ……為基礎;regardless of不管;with regard to至于關于

(福建卷)Our club is open to everyone regardless of agesex or educational background.

我們的俱樂部對任何人開放不管年齡、性別或教育背景。

I am always delighted when I receive an e-mail from you.With regard to the party on July 1stI shall be pleased to attend.

當我收到你的e-mail我總是很高興。至于71日的聚會我將很樂意參加。

1(2018·江蘇卷)China’s soft power grows ________ the increasing appreciation and understanding of China globally.

Ain line with  Bin reply to

Cin return for  Din honour of

A 解析:考查介詞短語。句意:我國的軟實力的增長與我國在全球各地不斷受到的欣賞和理解是緊密相連的。in line with……緊密相連符合句意。in reply to答復……”in return for作為對……的回報in honour of為了紀念……為向……表示敬意

2(2018·天津卷)Bob thought he couldn’t go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went ________

Aat first  Bafter all

Cabove all  Dat random

B 解析:考查介詞短語。句意:鮑勃覺得自己不能參加這個派對因為他要寫一份報告但是最終他還是去了。根據句意這里用after all表示終究at first起初above all最重要的是at random隨便地

 

 人稱代詞、物主代詞、指示代詞和反身代詞

1(2017·浙江卷6)She thought I had hurt myselfsays Pahlsson.

2(浙江卷)Half of those surveyed in 16 countries say they go first to their closest friend to share their deepest wishes and darkest fears.

1在沒有謂語動詞的句子中人稱代詞常用賓格。

Glad to meet you.

——很高興見到你。

Metoo.

——我也是。

Id like to go to climb the mountain this weekend.

——這個周末我想去爬山。

Metoo.

——我也想去。

2形容詞性物主代詞通常在句中作定語。名詞性物主代詞通常在句中起名詞作用可以作主語、賓語和表語。名詞性物主代詞相當于名詞不能用于名詞之前。

We took our fishing pole and headed for the lake.

我們帶上魚竿朝湖走去。

This camera is mine and that is yours.

這部相機是我的那個是你的。

3反身代詞的用法:

(1)反身代詞可以在befeellookseem 等系動詞后作表語表示身體或精神狀態。

She is not quite herself today. 

她今天身體不太舒服。

(2)含有反身代詞的習慣用語:

介詞+反身代詞by oneself單獨地獨自地;for oneself親自為自己

動詞+反身代詞:devote oneself to 致力于;apply oneself to 專心致志于;enjoy oneself 過得愉快;help oneself to 隨便吃;隨便用;make yourself at home 不拘束;seat oneself 坐下;behave oneself 舉止得體; come to oneself恢復知覺;蘇醒過來;adapt/adjust oneself to適應于;abandon oneself to沉迷于放縱于;express oneself 表達某人的思想;lose oneself in(be lost in迷失)say to oneself心里想;talk to oneself自言自語

4指示代詞常見用法有:指上文提到的事一般用thatthose;指下文或將要提到的事物常用thisthese。此外this在電話用語中作自我介紹that則為詢問對方;thisthat還用作副詞相當于so

Those are the factswhat do you conclude from them?

那些都是事實你能從中得出什么結論?

They are happy to learn in their own languageand that makes them eager to know more. 他們很高興能用自己的語言學習這就激發了他們的求知欲。

習慣搭配有:

that is to saythat is...  也就是說……

That’s it!  正是如此!對了!

Thats enough.  那就夠了。

Thats that.  就這么決定了。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1Mikeyou dont seem to be quite yourself today.

WellI hardly slept last night.I was preparing for a report.

2All of us have read thrilling stories.In many of them the hero had only a limited and specified time to live.

  it的用法

1(2018·全國卷)However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25000 people were using it every day.

2(2019·沈陽檢測一)It was time for dinner and it was pretty dangerous that the sandstorm was going on and getting stronger.

1指代時間、天氣和距離。

It is rainy in summer in China.

中國夏季雨水多。

2代替前文提到過的事物。

The Smiths bought a new house but it will need a lot of work before they can move in.

史密斯一家買了一套新房子但是在入住之前有大量的工作要做。

3it用作形式主語或形式賓語而把真正的主語或賓語放在后面真正的主語或賓語往往由從句、動名詞、不定式充當。

No matter where he is, he makes it a rule to go for a walk before breakfast.

不管在哪里他養成了早餐前散步的習慣。

4常用于固定搭配中。

make it 成功;hate/like/enjoy it that...討厭/喜歡……I can’t help it我沒有辦法;if I can help it 如果我有辦法;when it comes to...當涉及……時;rely on/depend on/count on it that...相信……I would appreciate it if...如果……我將不勝感激。

I would appreciate it if you take my suggestion into consideration. 如果你考慮我的建議我將不勝感激。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1He admitted that when it comes to repairing a computerhe had little knowledge of it. 

2It is generally acknowledged that young people from poorer socioeconomic backgrounds tend to do less well in our education system.

 

  itone(s)thatthose的用法區別

1(2019·天津卷)A study shows the students who are engaged in after-school activities are happier than ________ who are not.

Aones  Bthose

Cthese  Dthem

B 解析:考查代詞。句意:一項研究表明參加課后活動的學生比不參加課后活動的學生更快樂。本句中為了避免重復需用those代替the students。故選B

2(天津卷)The quality of education in this small school is better than that in some larger schools.

 通關點擊 ____________________________________________原則這樣解讀

one

代替a/an+單數可數名詞

ones

代替零冠詞+復數名詞

the one

代替the+單數可數名詞有時可用that代替(尤其在有后置定語的情況下)

the ones

代替the+復數名詞有時可用those代替(尤其在有后置定語的情況下)

 

 

that

代替the+單數可數名詞/不可數名詞

those

代替the+復數名詞

it

代替上文提到的同名同物即同一個

To her joyDella earned first the trust of her students and then that of her colleagues.

令戴拉高興的是她首先贏得了她的學生的信任然后又贏得了同事的信任。

Weve been looking for a cheap house but havent found one yet.

我們一直在找一個便宜的房子但是還沒有找到。

I like this house with a beautiful garden in frontbut I dont have enough money to buy it.

我喜歡這座前面有漂亮花園的房子但是沒有足夠的錢來買它。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1Howeverquite a few othersespecially those in the countrysidewould fix a lucky date so that their marriage would have Double Happiness

2To my father, theres no greater happiness than that of succeeding in his career.

 不定代詞allbotheitheranynoneneither的用法區別

1(四川卷)She’d lived in London and Manchesterbut she liked neither and moved to Cambridge.

2(江西卷)—When shall I callin the morning or afternoon?

EitherIll be in all day.

 通關點擊 ____________________________________________原則這樣解讀

 

 

任何一個

都不

部分否定

兩者

both

either

neither

not either

both

not連用

三者或

三者以上

all

any

none

not any

all

not連用

As the two dictionaries are usefulIll take both and either of them is very important to me. 由于這兩本詞典都有用我會把它們都帶走每一本對我來說都非常重要。

All that’s important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction.

重要的是你盡力朝正確的方向前進。

Would you like tea or coffee?

——你想要茶還是咖啡?

Neitherthank you.Ive just had some water.

——都不要謝謝。我剛喝過一些水。

My brother would like to buy a good watch but none was available from that shop.

我哥哥想買一塊好表但是在那家店里沒有一塊合適的。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1And the hutong today is fading into the shade for both tourists and local people.

2Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders.

 不定代詞otherthe otherothersthe othersanother的用法區別

1(福建卷)In some countriespeople eat with chopsticks, while in othersknives and forks.

2(陜西卷)To warm himselfthe sailor sat in front of the fire rubbing one bare foot against the_other.

 

other

表示另一個;另一些用作泛指只作定語常與復數名詞或不可數名詞連用但如果前有anyevery等時則可與單數名詞連用any other plantevery other day

 

 

the other

表示兩者中的另一個。常用結構:one...the other...一個……另一個……”

another

表示(三者或三者以上中的)另一個指代或修飾單數可數名詞。另外another后可接基數詞/few+復數名詞表示另外的……(多少)

others

泛指別的人或物可作主語、賓語或表語。常用結構:some...others...

the others

特指其余的人或物可作主語、賓語或表語。常用結構:some...the others...

I felt so bad all day yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn’t face another day like that.

昨天一整天我都感覺很糟糕所以今天早晨我決定不能像那樣面對另一天了。

Ill spend half of my holiday practising English and the other half learning drawing. 我準備把我假日時間的一半用來練習英語另一半時間學習繪畫。

Some are singing and dancingsome are drawingand others are climbing the hill.

一些人在唱歌跳舞一些人在畫畫有一些人在爬山。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1Lily was the only person who noticed me coming into the classroomthe_others all absorbed in reading.

2As far as I am concerned, cycling is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles dont need any petrol and they are energysaving. For another,_bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won’t give off waste gas.

 不定代詞nonenothingnobody(no one)的用法區別

1(四川卷)Niki is always full of ideasbut none is useful to my knowledge.

2(重慶卷)The meeting will be held in Septemberbut nobody knows the date for sure.

 通關點擊 ____________________________________________原則這樣解讀

 

none

既可指人也可指物側重數量通常指三者或三者以上的人或物后可接of短語作主語時謂語動詞可以用單數也可用復數常用于回答由how much/many提問的疑問句 

nothing

只用于指物且表示泛指概念常用于回答由what引導的疑問句

nobody

(no one)

只用于指人且表示泛指概念常用于回答由who引導的疑問句且不可與of短語連用作主語時謂語動詞用單數

Sophia waited for a replybut none came.

索菲亞等待答復但一個都沒有。

How many students in your class went to the lecture?

 ——你們班有多少學生去聽報告?

None.

——一個也沒有。

Who did you see enter the lonely house?

——你看見誰進了那間僻靜的房間?

Nobody.

——沒看見一個人。

How much money do you have?

——你有多少錢?

Nothing.

——一點也沒有。

全部否定和部分否定:no onenonenobodynothingnot...any以及no+名詞都表示全部否定;allbotheveryone/everybody/everything以及every+名詞都表示全部肯定;當not出現在含有全部肯定意義的不定代詞的句子中不管not在它們之前還是在它們之后都表示部分否定。 

Both of them havent read this story.

并非他倆都讀過這個故事。

Not all of them smoke.All of them don’t smoke.

他們當中不是所有人都吸煙。

 變式訓練 ____________________________________________原則這樣提升

1This project requires close teamwork.Nothing will be achieved unless we work well together.

2Nobody can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.

[學生用書P10]

 單項填空

1Nearly 730 million trips were made by Chinese travelers within China over the National Day holiday, ________ cheaper tickets and higher-quality travel services.

Aregardless of  Bthanks to

Cbut for  Das to

B 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:由于較低的票價和更優質的旅行服務國慶節期間中國游客國內游人數達到了近7.3億人次。thanks to因為由于符合語境。regardless of不管不顧but for要不是倘若沒有as to關于至于

2(湖北卷)This meeting room is a non-smoking area.I would like to warn you ________ that if you smoked here you would be fined.

Ain advance  Bin detail

Cin total  Din general

A 解析:考查in+名詞型短語意義辨析。句意:這個會議室是無煙區。我想________提醒你如果你在這里吸煙你就會被罰款。根據題干中that引導的賓語從句可知說話者是在提前告訴對方這一事實所以選擇in advancein detail詳細地;in total總共;in general一般來說。

3(浙江卷)People won’t pay attention to you when they still have a lot of ideas of their own crying ________ expression.

Afrom  Bover

Cwith    Dfor

D 解析:考查介詞。句意:當人們仍有許多自己的觀點迫切需要表達時他們是不會理會你的。由語境可知此處要用介詞for表示目的。其他三項均無此用法。

4(福建卷)Human life is regarded as part of nature andas suchthe only way for us to survive is to live________nature.

Ain view of  Bin need of

Cin touch with  Din harmony with

D 解析:考查in+名詞+介詞型短語意義辨析。句意:人類生活被認為是自然的一部分同樣我們存活下去的唯一的方法是和自然________in view of鑒于考慮到由于;in need of需要;in touch with……保持聯絡;in harmony with……協調……一致……和諧。根據題干中的Human life is regarded as part of nature可知人與自然應該和諧相處故選D項。

5(2019·江蘇名校高三摸底)World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on Oct. 16, ________ the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.

Ain defense of  Bin search of

Cin favor of  Din honor of

D 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:聯合國糧食及農業組織于19451016日成立為紀念這一天世界各地的人們把每年的這一天作為世界糧食日來慶祝。in honor of紀念符合語境。in defense of保衛保護in search of搜尋尋找in favor of支持

 用適當的代詞填空

1From the relics, tourists can see the outline of the ancient metropolitan(大都會的) areas along the fantastic road. In the tour packages, tourists can imagine themselves to be ancient merchants by riding camels in deserts.

2Now it occurred to him that his farm had much potential and that the death of the cow was a bit of luck.

3At that moment an attractive young lady who noticed my book came up to me and introduced herself

4It is also fun to eat in restaurants there.

5Dating sites also make it easy to avoid someone who you are not interested in.

[學生用書P117(單獨成冊)]

(建議用時:20分鐘)

 單項填空

1________ meeting the need of high-speed Internet access, 5G network can also support 4K Ultra HD video calling and other services.

AOn account of       BOn top of

CIn terms of  DIn favor of

B 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:5G網絡除了能滿足高速互聯網接入的需求外還可以支持4K超高清視頻通話和其他服務。on top of……之外符合語境。on account of由于因為in terms of……而言in favor of支持

2(2019·南京、鹽城高三一模)________ clear goals, we become strangely loyal to performing daily doings until we become slaves of them.

AOn top of  BIn the silence of

COn account of  DIn the absence of

D 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:沒有清晰的目標我們就會莫名其妙地忠于做每天所做的事直到最終成為它們的奴隸。in the absence of...缺乏……”符合語境。on top of...……上方……之外in the silence of...……的寂靜中on account of...由于……因為……”

3Weve never sold anyones data Zuckerberg said ________ British lawmaker Damian Collins, who released some emails between Zuckerbergs company and other tech companies.

Ain response to  Bin contrast to

Cin proportion to  Din addition to

A 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:Zuckerberg我們從未售賣任何人的數據作為對公布了他的公司與其他技術公司的一些郵件的英國立法官員Damian Collins的答復。in response to作為對……的答復符合語境。in contrast to……形成對照 in proportion to……成比例in addition to……以外()

4The disaster relief funds are already________so that people in the earthquake-stricken area can carry out reconstruction work without delay.

Ain place    Bin demand

Cin order    Din vain

A 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:減災資金已經準備好以便地震災區的人們能毫不拖延地進行重建工作。A.in place合適準備好;B.in demand 需要;C.in order有序;D.in vain徒勞。故選A

5The pollution in Beijing is expected to improve________a series of air pollution control measures.

Aregardless of   Bbut for   

Cthanks to    Dsuch as

C 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:幸虧一系列的空氣污染控制措施北京的污染有望改善。A.regardless of不管;B.but for要不是;C.thanks to幸虧;D.such as例如。故選C

6Nickits good for you to read some books ________ China before you start your trip there.

Ain  Bfor

Cof  Don

D 解析:考查介詞辨析。on 表示關于some books on China意為關于中國的一些書。句意:Nick你在去中國旅行之前最好讀一些關于中國的書。

7Scientists have found that some couples are so ________ that their brains begin to work in the same way.

Ain tune  Bin shape

Cin demand  Din style

A 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:科學家發現一些夫妻都是如此有默契以至于他們的思維方式都開始變得一樣了。in tune協調一致in shape健康狀態良好in demand需求大in style有氣派有風度

8He still helped us heartily ________ being exhausted after working three hours.

Ain response to  Bin case of

Cin spite of  Din addition to

C 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:盡管工作三個小時后已經筋疲力盡了他仍然熱心地幫助我們。in spite of盡管符合語境。in response to作為對……的回應in case of以防萬一in addition to……之外

9As you know, anger doesnt help in 99% of situations; ________ it usually makes things worse.

Ain response   Bin contrast

Cin conclusion  Din return

B 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:正如你所知道的那樣99% 的情況下憤怒是沒有用的。相反它通常讓事情變得更糟。in response作為回應in contrast相反in conclusion總之in return作為回報

10All the students kept silence throughout the class________ the teachers switch from the PE lesson to a maths lesson that day.

Ain terms of  Bin response to

Cin return for  Din spite of

B 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:作為對老師把體育課換成數學課的回應那天所有學生整節課都保持沉默。in terms of ……而言in response to作為對……的回應答復in return for作為回報in spite of 盡管

11One well of the oil field was still burning with huge fire twisting crazily________the night sky.

Ain  Bon 

Cagainst   Dacross

C 解析:考查介詞辨析。句意:石油區的一個井仍在燃燒在夜空的映襯下火苗瘋狂扭曲。against the night sky在夜空的映襯下故選C

12________the coldthin air and low oxygen levels also can cause mountain sickness.

AOn behalf of    BIn terms of 

CApart from    DExcept for

C 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:且不說寒冷稀薄的空氣和含氧量低也能引起高山反應。on behalf of代表;in terms of……來講;apart from且不說……(實際上是包括的)except for要不是……之外(從整體中排除)。而the cold也是會cause mountain sickness所以不能排除只能用且不說apart frombesides也可以是一個遞進關系表示……之外。故選C

13There is no doubt that those who want to buy a house are ________ the proposal that the government should bring down the housing price.

Ain favor of  Bin honor of

Cin search of  Din need of

A 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:毫無疑問那些想買房的人都贊成政府應該降低房價的提議。根據語境可知in favor of贊成符合語境。in honor of意為為紀念……”in search of意為尋找in need of意為需要

14(2019·南京四校聯考)Please fetch the bunch of purple flowers and put it herefor purple flowers look more beautiful ________a light yellow wall.

Aat          Bin      

Cunder        Dagainst

D 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:去拿一束紫色的花來放到這里因為以淡黃色的墻為背景紫色的花看上去更漂亮。against為背景。故選D

15As is often the case, some mothers are timid in their everyday life, but will fight like a tiger ________ their children.

Ain favor of  Bin defence of

Cin charge of  Din support of

B 解析:考查介詞短語辨析。句意:一些母親在她們的日常生活中很膽小但在保護她們的孩子時她們會像老虎一樣搏斗這是常有的事。in favor of贊同喜歡in defence of保護in charge of負責in support of支持贊同

 用適當的代詞填空

1For one thing, they help to broaden our horizons. For another,_most books are sold at a lower price.

2It was time for dinner and it was pretty dangerous that the sandstorm was going on and getting stronger.

3As soon as he opens his mouth and sings in Chinese, the Chinese are very surprised and they feel proud of him said his music teacher.

4Every country has its own banknotes, so it is hard to say which is the most beautiful one.

5Obesity researchers hate it when I say this, but their own data shows that obesity is not going to kill us.

6At that moment an attractive young lady who noticed my book came up to me and introduced herself

7Rather than being the by-product of a happy life, feeling happy has become a goal in itself

8Im sure, as my life continues here in Beijing, I will be swept in the convenient life that Chinas rapid development is bringing about in the future.

 

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