(人教版)2019屆高考英語一輪復習練習案：必修四 Unit 3 (含解析)展開
必修四 Unit 3
1．Can you give us a detailed description of the contents (content) of your lost wallet?
2．We finally managed to make the customers convinced (convince) of the quality of the vehicle.
3．He was surprised that his answer should have caused such a strong reaction (react)．
4．He is a failure (fail) as an artist，but a success as an art teacher.
5．This picture was taken twenty years ago.I wonder if you can pick out my younger brother.
6．The judge didn't believe his explanation (explain) that he had stolen the money in order to give it to charity.
7．They were dancing and singing on the square，much to the amusement (amuse) of passers-by.
8．The hotel wasn't particularly (particular) good.But I had stayed in many worse hotels.
9．I admire my English teacher.I can remember very few occasions when she stopped working because of ill health.
10．I knew I had made a mistake directly (direct) I handed in my paper.
1．With the electricity being cut off，all the machines had to stop working. 去掉being
2．She loves the song in the particular，because her mother used to sing it. 去掉第二個the
3．We shouldn't complain about being poor—many families are much badly off than we are. badly→worse
4．To our amused，they had a quarrel about such a small thing. amused→amusement
5．He speaks English as if he is an Englishman. is→were
答案：It rained heavily in the south in the summer in 2017，causing serious floods.
答案：As is reported，Mr.Smith was elected chairman.
答案：We'll call you up directly we arrive there.
答案：He talks about Rome as if he had been there before.
5．到現在為止，沒有更有效的教育方法。(up to now)
答案：Up to now，there has been no more effective way of education.
A culture's values can be mirrored by its humor.Humor has been evaluated by many great minds such as Thomas Hobbes，who disliked humor，“Laughter is nothing else but sudden glory arising from some sudden thought of feeling far better than others.” He thought humor to be a negative quality of human narrow-mindedness.
However，Mordechai Gordon，Ph.D of Education，insists，“Humor allows us to view the world from an angle that is amusing rather than serious.” I agree with Gordon.Learning to look at the world through humor is important.
In the United States，every four years an election occurs.Without humor as a way to express their feelings，how else would Americans keep from clawing their eyes out and going the way of lemming? Television shows like The Daily Show have become important parts of American culture.They are mothering the masses by metaphorically (隱喻地) airplane-ing politics into our mouths.They make politics fun.
Of course，politics is only one type of humor.Social humor helps people through the twists and turns of the human condition.American pop culture promotes an unhealthy self-image.On the topic of self-image，Hari Kondabolu stands out.He has a joke about the popular musical group “The Pussycat Dolls”，describing their hit song Don't Cha as a negative representation of women.He points out an obvious offence in American culture.
A study from Loyola University of Maryland has shown that humor is one determining factor for selecting a mating partner.Amongst other things，mates look for an outstanding funny bone in a potential partner.
Of course，humor is not always used for good purposes.Humor can be linked to vulgarity (庸俗)and racism，but，like everything else，it has potential to unite human beings by allowing us to laugh at ourselves，our failures and our connection with one another.
Though life may seem tough and depressing at times，all I have to do is look in the mirror at my increased wrinkles (皺紋) to know that there is a comedy out there that even Chaplin wasn't aware of.
With that in mind，remember to laugh with humanity and sometimes at humanity.
1．Hobbes believed that humor ________ .
A．was only a way to laugh at others to make oneself feel better
B．resulted in narrow-mindedness of human beings
C．had the power to mirror personal glory and national values
D．was for people to view the world from another angle
解析：A [細節理解題。根據文章第一段可知，Thomas Hobbes不喜歡幽默，并從他的話中“Laughter is nothing...better than others.”可知。]
2．What is the author's attitude towards political humor?
解析：D [觀點態度題。根據文章第三段中的“Without humor...way of lemming？”及“They make politics fun.”可知，作者對于政治幽默持贊賞的態度。appreciative“欣賞的，賞識的”。]
3．The fourth paragraph is developed mainly ______ .
A．by example B．by process
C．by comparison D．by classification
4．What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?
A．Chaplin wasn't aware of being laughed at.
B．The author feels helpless and worries about getting older.
C．Never be the one who laughs at other people.
D．The author is determined to face life with a sense of humor.
(2018·河南省普通高中畢業班高考適應性測試)Anson Lemmer，a 19-year-old from Glenwood Springs，Colorado，was on his last pizza delivery __1__ of the night，on June 15，when he arrived at a __2__ house and found a man lying on the ground __3__ ，according to the Post Independent.
The teen swung into action and __4__ CPR(心肺復蘇)，eventually saving the man，who began walking around soon after.Lemmer then called his parents to __5__ his eventful day.
“I called my parents and said ‘This has been the __6__ pizza delivery ever.I left a pizza boy and came back a pizza man，’”Lemmer __7__ the Post Independent.“They were proud of me. __8__ unexpected thing.”
The 19-year-old said that when he __9__ to the house that day，the situation was already very __10__ .“There was something really wrong.His eyes had rolled up into his __11__ and he was unresponsive，”the teen told 9 News， __12__ the scene.“One of his friends was on the __13__ calling 911，and the other was attempting CPR，but __14__ he asked me if I knew how to do CPR at all.”
The now-pizza delivery“ __15__ ”happened to have learned how to perform CPR when he was __16__ ，the Post Independent reported.EMTs (急診醫師) arrived at the __17__ shortly after and took over for Lemmer after the man started __18__ .The man was sent to the hospital after the __19__ .
Though saving lives isn't exactly in a pizza delivery guy's job description，the teen said he was happy to do it.“They all __20__ my hand and tipped me pretty well，and I got to take home a pizza so that was all right，”Lemmer told 9 News.
解析：A [考查名詞辨析。根據語境并結合本句中的“on his last pizza delivery”可知，19歲的Lemmer在送晚上的最后一份比薩訂單。order意為“訂單，訂購”；exercise意為“運動，練習”；play意為“游戲，比賽”；show意為“表演，顯示”。]
解析：C [考查名詞所有格辨析。根據本句中的“on his last pizza delivery”可知，Lemmer在送晚上的最后一份比薩訂單；根據常識可知，此處表示Lemmer到達顧客家。friend's意為“朋友的”；granny's意為“祖母的”；customer's意為“顧客的”；reporter's意為“記者的”。]
解析：B [考查動詞辨析。根據第五段第一句中的“have learned how to perform CPR”可知，Lemmer學過心肺復蘇急救，因此，此處表示Lemmer迅速對這位男子進行心肺復蘇急救。declare意為“宣布”；perform意為“執行”；follow意為“跟隨”；observe意為“觀察”。]
解析：A [考查形容詞辨析。根據語境及該段中的“unexpected thing”可知，Lemmer送餐時挽救了一個男子的生命，所以說這次送餐是Lemmer最離奇的一次送餐經歷。crazy意為“離奇的”；funny意為“有趣的”；easy意為“簡單的”；quick意為“迅速的”。]
解析：B [考查動詞辨析。根據第四段中的“the teen told 9 News”可知，此處應與其對應，指Lemmer將具體情況告訴了Post Independent。invite意為“邀請”；tell意為“告訴”；surprise意為“使驚奇”；confuse意為“使混亂”。]
9．A.moved back B．came along
C．got off D．pulled up
解析：D [考查動詞短語辨析。根據第一段中的“when he arrived at a __2__ house”可知，此處指Lemmer到達顧客家門外。move back意為“退縮，向后移動”；come along意為“出現”；get off意為“動身，下車”；pull up意為“停住”。]
解析：A [考查形容詞辨析。根據下文“His eyes had rolled up into his __11__ and he was unresponsive”可知，該男子已經翻白眼且沒有知覺，情況非常嚴峻。serious意為“嚴重的”；desperate意為“令人絕望的”；obvious意為“明顯的”；unusual意為“不尋常的”。]
解析：B [考查名詞辨析。根據常識可知，當人處于昏迷狀態且沒有知覺時，一般都會翻白眼。chest意為“胸部”；head意為“頭”；face意為“臉”；neck意為“脖子”。roll up into head意為“翻白眼”。]
解析：A [考查動詞辨析。根據語境可知，此處應表示Lemmer在向9 News描述6月15日晚上發生的事情。describe意為“描述”；reach意為“達到”；imagine意為“想象”；expect意為“期待”。]
解析：C [考查名詞辨析。根據本句中的“calling 911”可知，他的一個朋友在給911打電話。journey意為“旅行”；topic意為“話題”；phone意為“電話”；way意為“道路”。on the phone為固定搭配，意為“在打電話”。]
14．A.by and by B．once more
C．now and then D．right away
解析：D [考查短語辨析。根據語境可知，當時的情況很緊急，所以另一個人立馬問Lemmer會不會做心肺復蘇。by and by意為“不久以后”；once more意為“再一次”；now and then意為“偶爾，有時”；right away意為“立即，馬上”。]
解析：B [考查名詞辨析。根據第三段中的“I left a pizza boy and came back a pizza man”可知，經歷這次事件之后，這個送比薩的男孩現在已經變成了“男人”。teenager意為“青少年”；man意為“男人”；guy意為“家伙，男人”；hero意為“英雄”。]
16．A.younger B．more curious
C．freer D．more energetic
解析：C [考查名詞辨析。根據第四段中的“the teen told 9 News， __12__ the scene”可知，此處與“the scene”相照應，表明不久后急診醫師就到達了現場。interview意為“采訪”；call意為“電話，訪問”；scene意為“現場”；hospital意為“醫院”。]
解析：C [考查動詞辨析。根據語境可知，男子的家人非常感激Lemmer，握著他的手，并給了他豐厚的小費。握手表明了男子的家人當時感激而激動的心情。feel意為“感覺”；raise意為“提高”；shake意為“握手”；touch意為“接觸”。shake one's hand為固定短語，意為“握某人的手”。]
A woman was taken to the hospital.While having an operation，she had a nearly death experience.Seeing God，she asked how this was it.God said，“No，you had another 40 years.”On recovery the women decided to have a plastic surgery.She had someone change her hair color，thinking since she had so many time to live，she'd better make full use from it.Finally she got out of the hospital.While crossing the street，she killed by an ambulance speeded by.Arriving in the front of God，she demanded，“They said I had another 40 years！”God replied，“But I didn't recognize you.”