中考英語復習---動詞的分類， 情態動詞和 be 動詞專項練習含答案展開
2、連系動詞 be, seem, look, sound, smell, turn, get, become等+表語，構成主系表句型
3、助動詞 be +doing，構成進行時
will, shall, should, would +動詞原形構成將來時
4、情態動詞 can, may, must, might, could等 后接動詞原形一起構成謂語
例如：Could you please clean the blackboard? 請你擦黑板好嗎？
We learn English every day. 我們每天學習英語。
2）動詞+直接賓語+to/for+間接賓語 / 動詞+間接賓語+直接賓語，構成主謂雙賓句型。有的動詞必須在后面帶表示人的間接賓語和表示物的直接賓語，即兩個賓語才能表達完整的意思。
例如：Who teaches you English? 誰教你們英語？
Please pass me the book.= Please pass the book to me.請把那本書遞給我。
My mother bought me a snow globe on my birthday.
= My mother bought a snow globe for me on my birthday.
常見的帶雙賓語的動詞有：pass, give, bring, buy, get, leave, lend, make, cook, teach, tell, write, read, return, ask, show等。
例如：Please keep the door open. 請讓門開著。（形容詞open做賓補）
I often see the children play in the park。我經常看見孩子們在公園里玩。（不帶to的不定式play做賓補）.
You can call me Mrs Jones.你們可以稱呼我瓊斯夫人。（名詞Mrs Jones做賓補）
動詞see, hear, watch, make, let, have, notice, find等經常以動詞不定式或-ing形式做賓補。
例如：Horses run fast。馬兒跑得快。
He sings well. 他唱得好。
例如：They are reading. 他們在朗讀。（read為不及物動詞）
They are reading English. 他們在朗讀英語。（read為及物動詞）
He is waiting at the bus stop.他在公交車站等。（wait為不及物動詞）
He is waiting for me at the bus stop.他在公交車站等我。（wait for為及物動詞，帶me做賓語）
常見的連系動詞有be， become（變得、成為）， get（變得）， look（看起來），seem（似乎、好像），turn（變得），sound（聽起來），smell（聞起來），taste（嘗起來），feel（摸起來）等。除be以外的連系動詞大多數時候是實義動詞，他們用作連系動詞時多數沒有進行時態，也沒有被動語態。
例如：He is angry.他生氣了。
He got angry at the news.聽到這個消息他生氣了。
That sounds good.那聽起來不錯。
Trees turn green when spring comes.春天來臨，樹葉轉綠。
China is getting stronger and stronger.中國正變得越來越強大。
1、助動詞be（am, is, are, was, were）
1) be+doing（現在分詞）, 構成進行時
例如：They are listening to music.他們在聽音樂。（be的現在時形式幫助構成現在進行時）
They were walking down the street when the UFO landed.（be的過去時形式幫助構成過去進行時）
例如：The light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison.電燈泡是由托馬斯.愛迪生發明的。（be的過去時形式幫助構成過去時的被動語態）
The classroom is cleaned every day.教室每天打掃。（be的現在時形式幫助構成現在時的被動語態）
The problem will be solved next week.這個問題將在下周得到解決。（be的將來時形式幫助構成將來時的被動語態）
2、have (has, had)
例如：They have already done their homework.他們已經完成作業。（have+過去分詞構成現在完成時）
He hasn’t come yet.他還沒有回來。（has+過去分詞構成現在完成時）
The bus had gone when I got to the bus stop.我到達車站時公交車已經離開。（had+過去分詞構成過去完成時）
例如：How long have you been collecting shells?你收集貝殼有多長時間了？
He has been studying English since five years ago.他從5年前開始就一直在學習英語。
3、助動詞do/ does/ did
助動詞do/ does/ did主要幫助構成疑問句，也可用于倒裝句、強調句或代替上文提到過的行為等。他們的否定式don’t/ doesn’t/ didn’t幫助構成否定句。
例如：Does he often play sports after school?他經常放學后做運動嗎？
We don’t speak Japanese.我們不說日語。
Did they visit the Palace Museum on their last day off?他們上個休息日參觀故宮了嗎？
She didn’t watch TV yesterday evening.她昨晚上沒看電視。
4、助動詞will, shall, would, should
例如：There will be more trees and less pollution in the future.將來會有更多的樹木，更少的污染。（幫助構成一般將來時）
Shall we go to the park on the weekend?我們周末去公園好嗎？（一般將來時，用于提出建議）
They said they would come the next day.他們說他們第二天來。（幫助構成過去將來時）
Would you mind my turning down the radio?你介意我關小收音機嗎？（用于禮貌地提出建議）
You should lie down and rest. 你應該躺下休息。（用于提供建議）
5、情態動詞can, may, must, might, could等
1 Good news, boys! There is going to ______ a basketball match next week.
A. have B. has C. be
2 Kangkang hardly has lunch at school on Sunday, ________?
A. does he B. has he C. doesn’t he
3 You had a good time during the May Day holiday, _______ you?
A. hadn’t B. didn’t C. haven’t
4 ---She’s back from Australia, _________ she? ---Yes, she came back last night.
A. wasn’t B. hasn’t C. isn’t
5 Linda, please ______ these flowers ______ the classroom.
A. bring; in B. take; in C. take; to
6 ---Would you mind turning down the TV? ---________.
A. Yes, I would mind B. No, I didn’t C. No, not at all
7 ---How long _______ you _______ this TV set? ---For five years.
A. did; buy B. have; had C. were; buying
8 She has finished her homework, ________?
A. hasn’t she B. does she C. has she
9 This week, the weather___ to change every day: One day is hot, the next is cold.
A. seems B. looks C. sounds
10 I told my mother I wasn’t worried about my exam. But in fact, I _____.
A. did B. was C. have
11 ---When ______ your mother _______ you that blue dress , Mary?
---Sorry , I really can’t remember.
A. does; buy B has; bought C. did; buy
12 ---You seem to know much about the city. ---That’s true . I ____ it three times .
A. visited B. had visited C. have visited
13 Hi, Mr.Smith . I didn’t know you were in New York. How long ____ here ?
A. have you come B. were you C. have you been
14 Time goes by fast. We must never miss the chance to show love to our parents and make them ___how much they mean to us.
A. to know B. knowing C. know
15 ----It’s a secret between us . Don’t tell anybody ! ----- Sure,_____.
A I, do B I, won’t C I will
16 ---Excuse me. You shouldn’t smoke here. Look at the sign “NO SMOKING HERE”.
---Sorry, I ________ it.
A. doesn’t see B. haven’t seen C. didn’t see
17 There _______ a lot of changes here since 1980.
A. have been B. have had C. will be
18 The car doesn’t work. What ______ we _______?
A. do; do B. are; doing C. shall; do
19 I love to go to the seaside in summer. It _______ good to lie in the sun or swim in the water.
A. does B. feels C. gets
20 He told me he ______ care of my child while I ______ away.
A. will take; am B. took; was C. would take; was
21 Jean wants to go to China but she ______ money.
A. doesn’t have B. doesn’t have no C. does have
22 In our school library there ______ a number of books on science and the number of them _______ growing larger and larger.
A. is; are B. are; is C. has; is
23 Will you please ______ me your math book this afternoon?
A. lending B. lend C. to lend
24 ---Do you plant trees in spring? ---Yes. Many trees _______ in our city every year.
A. are planting B. are planted C. were planted
25 Now Chinese is becoming more and more popular. It ____ in many schools around the world.
A. teaches B. is teaching C. is taught
26 ---Do you know the Winter Olympic Games?
---Sure. Once the Winter Olympics _______ the White Olympics.
A. call B. called C. was called
27 Children should _____ not to break the traffic rules.
A. tell B. be telling C. be told
28 ---What’s wrong with you, Sandy? You look so worried.
---My pet cat _______ by a car this afternoon. And it is in hospital now.
A. is hit B. was hit C. hit
29 ---Mum, can I go skating now? ---Well, you may go after your homework_______.
A. has finished B. will finish C. is finished
30 We are often told ______ at people who are in trouble.
A. not to smile B. to smile C. not to laugh
1-5 CABBC 6-10 CBAAB 11-15 CCCCB 16-20 CACBC
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在英語中，表示主語動作或狀態的詞就叫做動詞。根據動詞的意義及在句子中的作用，可將動詞分為實義動詞(v)、系動詞(link-v)、情態動詞(modal verb)和助動詞(v. aux)四種類型。
如：The parrot can speak three languages. 這只鸚鵡能講三種語言。
Can I borrow the book from the library？我可以從圖書棺借這本書嗎？
Shanghai can be very cold in March. 上海三月份可能會很冷。
拓展延伸can還有過去式could 可表“能，會”，又可以和be able to替換，而be able to有 更多時態。 如：
He could swim when he was four. =He was able to swim when he was four. 他四歲時就會游泳。 在一般疑問句中，can/could 常用來表示請求或征求對方意見，用could 比用can語氣更加委婉和客氣。類似用法的還有Will /Would you (please)…等句型。
如：Could you tell me how I can get to the post office? 你能告訴我怎樣到郵局嗎？ Would you please turn up the radio？請你把收音機開大點，好嗎？
如：-May I borrow your ruler？我可以借用您的直尺嗎？
-No, you can't /mustn't. 不行。
She may be a teacher. 她可能是一名教師。
拓展延伸may可表示祝愿。如： May you succeed! 祝你成功!
3.must表示“必須；必要”，以“must”開頭的一般疑問句其肯定回答用“must”，否定回答用“needn't”或“don't have to”。 must表推測時，常用在肯定句中，是“一定”的意思，其否定形式mustn ' t表“禁止”的意思。
如：-Must I leave now？現在我必須離開嗎？
-No，you needn't /you don't have to. 沒有必要。
This book must be Lucy's . Look! Her name is on the book cover. 這本書是露西的。看！封面上還有她的名字。
You mustn't draw on the wall. 你不準在墻上畫畫。
拓展延伸must表示說話人的主觀看法，只有一般現在時；have to強調客觀要求，有時態、人稱和數的變化。如： My mother is ill. I have to look after her now. 媽媽病了，我得去照看她。
如：Need we finish the work now？現在我們需要完成這項工作嗎？
They needn ' t look after him. 他們不需要照顧他了。
Does he need any help? 他需要幫助嗎？
The desk needs repairing. 這張桌子需要修理。
5.shall 用于第一人稱，表示說話人征求對方意見，過去式為should；will 用手第二人稱的疑問句中，表示說話人向對方提出請求和建議，過去式為would。
如：Shall I go shopping with you？'我可以同你去購物嗎？
I don't know what I should do next. 我不知道下一步該干什么。
Would you please come a little earlier？請你來早一點好嗎?
(1)had better 后接動詞原形，表勸告、建議，意為“最好”。“You'd better… ”含有強制命令的語氣，對長輩不宜使用。
如：You'd better ask that policeman over there. 你最好問一下那邊的那個警察。
(2)慎用had better! 注意以下四條：
①had better表達的是說話者強硬性的建議，告誡別人(包括自己)如何做。 如：Granny, the hospital is not very near. We'd better catch a bus. 奶奶，醫院不是很近。我們最好坐公共汽車。
②had better不用于禮貌的請求或征詢，它隱含一種警告或威脅。 如：You ' d better finish the work today and bring it tomorrow. 你最好今天就把作業完成，明天帶來。
③had better意思接近should，但它除了表示語氣強硬以外，還表示馬上要去做的事情，比should更緊迫。 如：You’d better see a doctor at once. 你最好馬上去看醫生。
④had better不含比較的意思，該結構表示“It would be good to… ”，而不是“It would be better to…”。
1．完全系動詞(be)可接名詞、代詞、形容詞、副詞、介詞短語、非謂語動詞短語、句子做表語。如： I'm a student. 我是個學生。(名詞) He is fine. 他很好。(形容詞) It is me. 是我。(代詞) Are you there？你在那兒嗎？(副詞) She is at school. 她在學校讀書。(介詞短語) He is to come soon. 他過會兒該來了。(不定式) My job is teaching English. 我的工作是教英語。(動詞的ing形式) My idea is that we will start now. 我的想法是我們現在就開始。(句子)
2．不完全系動詞 (get，turn，feel，smell，look，sound，taste)一般只接形容詞做表語。如：When spring comes, it gets warmer and warmer.
春天來了，天氣變得越來越暖和了。 Food may go bad soon if it is not put into a fridge.
食物如果不放進冰箱里就會很快變壞。 My brother became / turned a teacher after his graduation.
1. --Mary, ____ you speak Chinese? -- Yes, but only a little.
A. will B. can C. could
2. --Must I do the work now? -- No, you ____. You can do it later.
A. can't B. mustn't C. needn’t
3. -- I can't stop smoking, doctor. -- For your health, I'm afraid you ____.
A. can B. need C. must
4. -- Whose book is it? -- It ____ be Bob's sister's. She is only a baby.
A. must B. mustn't C. can't
5. -- Jill looks so painful, there ____ be something wrong with her.
-- Oh, dear! We'd better take her to the hospital at once.
A. can B. should C. must
6. --Is Simon coming by train? -- He should, but he ____ not. He likes driving his car.
A. may B. need C. must
7. -- May I try on the jeans? -- Yes, you ___.
A. should B. can C. must
8. -- Do you know any traffic rules?
-- A little. When the traffic lights are red, we ____ stop and wait.
A. may B. can C. must
9. I think schools ____ allow students at least one hour a day for sports.
A. would B. should C. could
10. -- Can I swim in the lake. Dad?
-- No, you ____. Haven't you seen the notice “No Swimming”?
A. may not B. mightn't C. mustn't
11. -- Are you going to Beijing by air?
-- It's fast but a little expensive. So I am not sure. I __ take it.
A. will B. may C. must
12. -- Could I borrow your dictionary? -- Of course you ____.
A. can B. will C. should
13. --Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. --No,____.
A. I don't B. I won't C. I can't
14. -- Will you please stay here for the party?
-- Sorry, I ____. I'll have to go to an important meeting.
A. mustn't B. needn't C. can't
15. -- Must I tidy the room now?
-- No, you ____. You can do it after breakfast.
A. mustn’t B. need C. don't have to
16. -- You must come back every month. -- Yes, I ____.
A. will B. must C. should
17. -- Is this coat Jane's? -- It ____ be hers, but I'm not sure.
A. will B. may C. must
18. -- ____ we go and fly kites today? -- That's a good idea.
A. Should B. Must C. Shall
19. --ls your brother playing computer games, Ted?
-- He ___ do that because the computer doesn't work.
A. may not B. can't C. mustn't
20. -- I don't mind telling you what I have known.
-- You ___, and I am not asking you for it.
A. needn't B. mustn't C. may not
21. _____ you help me?
A.Will B.Shall C.Must
22. You ______watch TV if you’ve finished your homework.
A. can B. must C. need
23. I have seen lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____report it to the police?
A. should B. may C. will
24. -- Who is the girl standing over there?
-- Well, if you ______know, her name is Mary.
A. may B. can C. must
25. -- Excuse me, could you tell me where the supermarket is?
-- It’s two blocks straight ahead. You _____miss it.
A. mustn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t
26. -- Mom, there goes the bell.
-- Oh, it _____ Annie. I invited her to come for dinner.
A. can’t be B. must be C. may be
27. I’ll let you see the patient in an hour if you _____wait here.
A. will B. must C. can
28. Whoever can answer one of my questions ______get a prize.
A. would B. should C. will
29. Tom, you ______leave all your clothes on the floor like this.
A. wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t
30. It’s 7:50. You ____hurry, or you’ll be late.
A. might B. will C. had better
31. In spring, all the flowers in the garden _______ sweet.
A. taste B. smell C. become
32. She _______ like her mother in character.
A. is B. seems C. looks
33. In late autumn leaves _______ brown.
A. get B. turn C. come
34. Look! There _______ so many people here on vacation.
A. have B. are C. be
35. His classmate_______ a singer.
A. were B. grew C. has become
36. My job is ______ you math.
A. to teach B. teaches C. taught
37. How time flies! Three years _______ really a short time.
A. are B. is C. was
38. It sounds _______ a good idea.
A. as B. is C. like
39. Her temperature _______ to be all right.
A. seems B. sounds C. looks
40. His wish to become a driver has _______ true.
A. turned B. come C. been
41. Little Jim’s speech sounds _______.
A. friendly B. wonderfully C. nicely
42. When her mother came home yesterday, it was _______ dark.
A. going B. running C. getting
43. These apples taste _______.
A. to be good B. good C. well
44. -- How about the cloth you bought yesterday?
-- That’s very beautiful. It _______ so soft.
A. felt B. feels C. is feeling
45. When his brother telephoned him last night, he _______ asleep.
A. felt B. fell C. fall
46. The food will _______ bad easily in such hot weather.
A. go B. went C. turn
47. It _______ that he was late for the train.
A. looks B. says C.seems
48. What does your brother look _______?
A. like B. as C. after
49. The girl’s voice is so sweet and her songs _______ very beautiful.
A. taste B. look C. sound
50. What a lovely day! I hope it _______ fine.
A. stayed B. will stay C. will get
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